Under this scheme, a substantial number of Scots were settled, mostly in the south and west of Ulster, on confiscated land. The Scots Irish, also known as Scotch Irish (especially in USA) or Ulster Scots (especially in Northern Ireland), are an ethnic group found in the province of Ulster in the north of Ireland Genealogy. The Scottish Genealogy Society Library & Family History Centre is now closed in line with Governmental advice. When considering which colony to make their new homes in, the Ulster- Scots really had only limited choices. U.S. census data (2000) confirms that Maine has, per capita, the highest percentage of self-identified Scots descendants in the entire USA, and ranks third in the country for Scots-Irish descendants. The Ulster Scots are an ethnic group in Ireland, descended from Lowland Scots and English from the border of those two countries, many from the "Border Reivers" culture. Military: Active Revolutionary War service with Captain James Young's marching company in the Phil... Alexander, Sir William (c.1577-1640), 1st bt. The plantations were limited to the counties of Antrim, Down, Armagh, Tyrone, Donegal, Cavan, Fermanagh and Derry. The leader of the men of Surrey in AD 853 was “Huda” Found in Scotland in 1225 in the Moray Firth . The southern colonies were not very enticing with their slave labor and plantation system of agriculture. The Scots-Irish Resources Betit, Kyle J., and Dwight A. Radford, The Irish at Home and Abroad; A Journal of Irish Genealogy and Heritage, Salt Lake City, 1993-1999. He m... A Patriot of the American Revolution for VIRGINIA. Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree. {note these are NOT in alphabetical order} Hood. If you have some Irish blood then you are almost certainly proud of the fact. Native Irish civilians were massacred in kind. The term "Ulster-Scots" refers to both these colonists of the 17th century and, less commonly, to the Gallowglass who began to arrive from what is now northwest Scotland centuries earlier. The R-M222 Story! Work on Chesapeake tobacco plantations was still done mainly by free … *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Geni requires JavaScript! Many settled in Ireland at the conclusion of their service. For this reason, up until the 19th century, there was considerable disharmony between Dissenters and the ruling Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. About 250,000 Scots-Irish immigrants landed in the America colonies between 1717 and 1775. Ulster-Scots Agency. This unique learning resource is a comprehensive educational tool which examines the legacy of local visionaries with Ulster-Scots connections. Scots-Irish Genealogy Resources on FamilySearch.org. Write these names in … Our Family History records incl. Scotch-Irish is a traditional term for Ulster Scots who later emigrated to what is now the United States; "Scots-Irish" is a more recent form of the American term, and is not to be confused with Irish-Scots, i.e., recent Irish immigrants to Scotland. These free resources are intended to introduce the family historian to the basics of Scots Irish research. DAR Ancestor #: A057726 These settlers came to America from Ireland in the 1700’s and 1800’s. The assignment of lands to Scottish undertakers, was to have a permanent effect on the character of Ulster. The Scots Irish (Ulster Scots) The first ever Plantations Surnames of Ireland map has been completed just in time for the Back to Our Past Event in Belfast in 2019 . of your family�s heritage. The Ulster-Scots Agency. The Ulster-Scottish population in Ireland was further augmented during the subsequent Irish Confederate Wars, when a Scottish Covenanter army was landed in the province to protect the Ulster-Scottish settlers from native Irish landowners. Work out the Ulster-Scots surname for each of these picture clues. Simply put: The Scots-Irish are ethnic Scottish people who, in the 16th and 17th centuries, answered the call of leases for land in the northern counties of Ireland, known as Ulster, before immigrating en masse to America in the 18th century. Boyd At the head of the army, Oliver Cromwell re-conquered Ireland. Ulster-Scots / Scotch-Irish (Scots-Irish) Genealogy It is necessary to give separate understanding to the research of Ulster-Scots roots. But, that group is more diverse than the stereotype. The Scots-Irish/Ulster Scots, as their name implies, have their origins in Scotland. Towards the end of the 18th century many Ulster-Scots Presbyterians ignored religious differences and, along with many Catholic Irish, joined the United Irishmen to participate in the Irish Rebellion of 1798 in support of republican and egalitarian ideals. One factor was the greater availability of shipping due to the increased demand for Irish indentured servants. After the war was over, many of their soldiers settled permanently in eastern Ulster. In the field of education, Ulster Scots immigrants also played a significant part in promoting and founding the establishment of educational facilities. See more ideas about Scots irish, Genealogy, Irish. The safety of our teams of volunteers is paramount as some are in the most vulnerable age group and have to avail themselves of public transport. The map details the precise location where farmers with each Plantation Surname concentrated in early census data. Here’s a history of the Ulster Scots, plus how you can find your Scots-Irish ancestors. Researching Scots-Irish Ancestors: The essential genealogical guide to early modern Ulster, 1600-1800 [William Roulston] on Amazon.com. Ulster-Scots were largely descended from colonists from Galloway, Ayrshire, and the Scottish Borders Country, although some descend from people further north in the Scottish Lowlands and the Highlands. Under the Act of Settlement 1652, all Catholic-owned land was confiscated and the Plantations, which had been destroyed by the rebellion of 1641, were restored. Note about children: May 3, 2019 - My Scots Irish Ancestory. Welcome to the Scots in Ulster web pages. Scotch-Irish (or Scots-Irish) Americans are American descendants of Ulster Protestants who immigrated from northern Ireland to America during the 18th and 19th centuries, whose ancestors had originally migrated mainly from the Scottish Lowlands and Northern England (and sometimes from the Anglo-Scottish border). At the same time, there was an independent Scottish settlement in the east of the province, which had not been affected by the terms of the plantation. The Scots-Irish (formerly referred to as Scotch-Irish) are a unique group of American settlers from Presbyterian congregations in Ulster, Ireland. The majority of those who emigrated from the northern province of Ulster in Ireland were originally the descendants of those Scottish Protestant planters who migrated from Scotland to Ireland in the early and mid-1600's as part of the Plantation of Ulster. Places Lived: Lived on the Conococheague near the Poe and Potter plantations, and near Brown's Mill. One example was Charles Allison, a prominent merchant of Ulster-Scot descent who had left the Church of England to become a Methodist bought land at his own expense and opened a school in Sackville, New Brunswick in 1843 (7). The war itself, part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, ended in the 1650s, with the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. W G H P. 11 You will need an atlas or map of Scotland At the foot of the page you will find 8 Ulster-Scots surnames that are also places in Scotland. American Scots-Irish Research: Strategies and Sources in the Quest for Ulster-Scots Origins was written by my friend, Dwight A. Radford. 1. Genealogy. 10) John HOUSTON, Jr., was born in 1727 at Ireland, and married (34) Sarah Marih TODD who was born about 1730. Arlene Eakle’s Scots-Irish Blog. The Ulster-Scots chose the colony of Pennsylvania as their destination in the New World. This started in May 1606 and was followed in 1610. However, due to the Scots' enmity to the English Parliament in the final stages of the English Civil War, English settlers rather than Scots were the main beneficiary of this scheme. In east Down and Antrim, Scottish migration was led by James Hamilton and Sir Hugh Montgomery, two Ayrshire lairds. During the Irish Rebellion of 1641, the native Irish gentry attempted to expel the English and Scottish settlers, resulting in severe violence, massacres and ultimately leading to the deaths of between four and six thousand settlers over the winter of 1641-42. The general assumption is that everyone who came from Ulster had ancestors in Scotland. Defeating the native Irish forces on behalf of the English Commonwealth, he and his forces employed methods and inflicted casualties among the civilian Irish population that were long commonly considered by historians and the popular culture to be outside of the accepted military ethics of the day (see more on the debate here). The subject of the Ulster Plantation came up on another string, so I thought I would place it here for reference for those who need information on the origins of their Adams ancestors from Northern Ireland. The mists of time and the impact of distance are difficult to overcome. There was a generation of calm in Ireland until another war broke out in 1689, again due to political conflict closely aligned with ethnic and religious differences. Only son of Alexander Alexander (d. 1581) and his wife Marion, daughter of Gilbert Graham of Gartavertane, born about 1577. Forged in Ulster. They are to be found mostly in Northern Ireland Genealogy, but also in some neighbouring parts of the Ireland Genealogy particularly County Donegal. This list below shows families participating in the Scots-Irish DNA project. The Williamite forces, composed of British, Dutch and Danish armies as well as troops raised in Ulster, ended Jacobite resistance by 1691, confirming the Protestant monopoly on power in Ireland. of online resources, guides and help notes to enable you to explore the Ulster aspect Welcome to the Ulster Scots Scots Irish genealogy group! Add some more names and picture clues of your own. Up to 30% of Protestants in Northern Ireland (descendants of Lowlander Scots who settled in Ulster in Ireland from 1610AD onwards) carry the R-M222 genetic marker. Discover (and save!) The Protestant Ulster community, including the Scots, fought on the Williamite side in the war against Irish Catholics and their French allies. your own Pins on Pinterest Feb 1, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Danny Elliott. A smaller number came from other Irish counties, but the vast majority were from Ulster. Search our Irish Genealogy Databases. The Scots-Irish DNA project has reached 1,000 participating families. Scots-Irish Genealogy Bare Bones Selective Bibliography of What to Consult When Getting Started in Scots-Irish or Scotch-Irish Genealogical Research in the Genealogy Collection of the Denver Public Library Handbooks: Campbell, R. G. Scotch-Irish Family Research Made Simple. Finally, another major influx of Scots into northern Ireland occurred in the late 1690s, when tens of thousands of people fled a famine in Scotland to come to Ulster. Family Genealogy. Along with Catholic Irish, they were legally disadvantaged by the Penal Laws, which gave full rights only to members of the state church (the Church of Ireland), who were mainly Anglo-Irish and converts or the descendants of English settlers. Munroe Falls, Ohio: Summit Publications, 1982. A Scottish name from Old English “Huda” a personal name. Compounding the problem is the lack of primary records. Within 10 years, the population of the Plantation of Ulster, had reached around eight thousand. Today a growing number of people feel the … Scot-Irish genealogy is the process of tracing your American ancestors across the Atlantic to one of the nine counties of the Irish province of Ulster. It was only after the 1690s that Scottish settlers and their descendants, the majority of whom were Presbyterian, gained numeric superiority in Ulster. Researching Scots-Irish Ancestors: The essential genealogical guide to early modern Ulster, 1600-1800 The Ulster-Scots story in Maine, and their influence on New England has been greatly overlooked and oversimplified by traditional historical narratives. This scheme was intended to confiscate all the lands of the Gaelic Irish nobility in Ulster and to settle the province with Protestant English and Scottish colonists. It is NOT a comprehensive list of all Scots-Irish surnames; it is a list of those Scots-Irish families that are participating to date in the Scots-Irish DNA project. Irish & Scotch-Irish Ancestral Research: … birth, death & marriage records for Antrim & Down and gravestone inscriptions for Northern Ireland. This resource explains the story of the Scottish migration to Ulster from the early seventeenth century, and the subsequent migration of the Ulster Scots to America in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. seventeenth century, and the subsequent migration of the Ulster Scots to America in the Scotch-Irish is a traditional term for Ulster Scots who later emigrated to what is now the United States; "Scots-Irish" is a more recent form of the American term, and is not to be confused with Irish-Scots, i.e., recent Irish immigrants to Scotland. These were known as gallowglass, from the Irish for "foreign gaels", referring to their mixed Norse and Gaelic heritage. Onderwerp: Scots › Ulster (Northern Ireland and Ireland) › Genealogy › Archival resources Boeken onder dit onderwerp. Welcome to Ulster Ancestry Genealogy, family history and probate research in Northern Ireland Family History & Genealogy Research Reports . Although population movement of Gaels to and from the northeast of Ireland and the west of Scotland had been on-going since pre-historic times, a class of warriors from the west of what is now Scotland fought in significant numbers as mercenaries for Irish kings from the mid-13th century to the end of the 16th century. In 1609, the two Scots, Montgomery and Hamilton, began to induce tenants and other Scots, to come over as farmer-settlers. Falley, Margaret Dickson. Who Are the Scots-Irish? eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. To learn what collections are available, go to familysearch.org, sign in for free (click here to learn how and why), click Search and then Catalog.Type in the place you would like to search for record collections. The Ulster Scots began leaving Ireland to settle in North America in the 1700s. With the enforcement of Queen Anne's 1703 Test Act, which caused further discrimination against all who did not participate in the established church, considerable numbers of Ulster-Scots migrated to the colonies in British America throughout the 18th century. The fear of a repeat of the massacres of 1641, religious persecution under a Catholic monarch, as well as their wish to hold onto lands which had been confiscated from Catholic landowners, were all principal motivating factors. You may recently have noticed the Scots-Irish link revealed in FamilyTree DNA's SNP tree (see attached snapshot above). The first major influx of border English and Lowland Scots into Ulster came in the first two decades of the 17th century. These people first began to occupy Ireland in large numbers with the Plantation of Ulster, a planned process of colonisation which took place under the auspices of James VI of Scotland and I of England on land confiscated from the Irish nobility, most extensively in the Province of Ulster. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. It will also help you to begin to search for your Scots Irish ancestors with a range With this project, we require the families self identify as 'Scots-Irish.' Unique, in that the author shares his knowledge gained in a 30-year career specializing in Irish research, his book is written from an American point-of-view, and lays out strategies never before presented. The free genealogy giant FamilySearch.org has a variety of records available, which are cataloged by collection. A large number of Scottish immigrants arrived in the Northern counties of Ireland during the plantation schemes, from 1607 until 1697. The origins of some Ulster family names. Origins in Ulster : Plantation . Donna’s Irish Genealogy Resources. Finding your Ulster Scots ancestors can be a daunting task. Ulster Scots came to Maryland as early as 1649, but migration really began about 1670. Ulster-Scots emigrated in significant numbers to the United States and all corners of the then-worldwide British Empire — Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa — and to a lesser extent to Argentina and Chile in South America. Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America, Huguenot Pettigrew Family of Ireland and South Carolina, Scotch-Irish Families of Rockbridge County, Virginia, Scot-Irish/ Ulster-Scot in American History, Beginnings of the Ulster-Scots / Scotch-Irish. Genetic Genealogy Ireland. Starting in 1609, Scots began arriving into state-sponsored settlements as part of the Plantation of Ulster. This resource explains the story of the Scottish migration to Ulster from the early Irish Genealogy News . Saved by Lynn Peoples. Adams - Scots of Ulster By genealogy.com user January 28, 1999 at 09:34:40. We have two James Armstrongs here, a father and a son, both born in Brookeborough, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, both married Campbells, and both died in Paxtang, PA. Their victories at Derry, the Boyne and Aughrim are still commemorated by the Orange Order into the 21st century. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. The Williamite war in Ireland (1689–91) was fought between Jacobites who supported the restoration of the Catholic James II to the throne of England and Williamites who supported the Protestant William of Orange. Ulster Scots Scots Irish Genealogy has 7,408 members. More Ulster family names. Thanks to the migration of 250,000 Ulster-Scots to North America, as well as many others who travelled to other parts of the world such as New Zealand, Australia and South Africa, there are now millions of people anxious to trace their Ulster-Scots roots. The next major influx of Scots was a concentrated migration of Lowland Scots to Ulster, mainly during the 17th and 18th centuries. and 1st Earl of Stirling. This is not entirely true.