The Japanese witch hazel, H. japonica, blooms February through March and has more fragrant flowers. Instead, the ribbonlike petals curl up temporarily, and as soon as the temperature rises, they unfurl again. I never realized witch hazel was an actual plant. They are hardly noticeable. Although it does have interesting wavy leaves which add character in the forest, or woodland landscape design, throughout the summer, its real beauty is in the late fall when its yellow fall colour drops and it begins to bloom. In winter, if it really doesn’t rain and the ground is dry, water when it isn’t freezing to ensure you’ll have proper blooming. Yes, that’s right. Most perennial plants bloom for roughly two weeks, but witch hazel does so for eight weeks or more. Pruning and caring are practices that will enhance blooming and growth. Asiatic species of Witchhazels are among the most exciting shrubs & small trees for the winter garden, not only for the beautiful form of their gnarly limbs & scaly bark, but most especially because they are in full bloom a couple weeks after Christmas. It always ends here when my witch hazel opens as it did today, Feb. 19, about on time. Not only is it a great medicinal plant, but it’s a beautiful addition to any winter garden. The thing about witch hazel – and this is significant, given the grayness of this in-between time in Maine – is that it blooms in mid-November. Learn more about the folklore surrounding witch hazel and enjoy some helpful medicinal recipes starring witch hazel. Click to open posts in a new tab. Flowers are strongly fragrant. The fruits release the small, black seeds explosively, sometimes hurling them 30 feet (10m) away from the parent tree. Cultivars such as ‘Old Copper,’ ‘Aphrodite,’ and ‘Rubin’ produce warm-colored blooms. Easy to care for and simple to grow, this shrub is particularly appealing when planted as a standalone, but it can also become part of a mixed hedge. As the leaves of the trees are all but fallen, the witch hazel comes into glorious bloom in late October to early November in the eastern United States. Photo by J.S Peterson, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database. It is called a 'winter bloomer'. Name – Hamamelis Various fly species are the most frequent flower visitors. We believe that sunlight hitting a frosty witch hazel bloom is one of the most enchanting sights in the winter garden. Soil – rather rich, Foliage – deciduous It does however bloom in January or February. Type – shrub, Height – 6 ½ to 16 feet (2 to 5 meters) (Witch hazel 'Quasimodo') 'Quasimodo' _ 'Quasimodo' is a compact, rounded, deciduous shrub with ovate, veined, dark green leaves turning yellow and orange in autumn. Watering is needed on a regular basis for witch-hazel when it’s hot and during the 2 first years after planting. But these witch-hazels all bloom in early spring. Exposure – full sun, part sun Flowering – January to March. It first opens in winter, usually during a warm spell, but the flowers don’t die when the temperature drops back down. Mulch prepared from pine bark is a good idea. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – January to March. American Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana), is an understory shrub of North America’s eastern deciduous forests. Common witch-hazel is a large shrub with a picturesque irregular branching habit that naturally grows along woodland edges. Often found on shaded hillsides or in deep ravines, Witch-hazel can be easily found on the Blue Ridge Parkway from milepost 130 through milepost 367. Extracts from the leaves, bark, and twigs provide the aromatic salve called witch hazel, used to sooth cuts and burns and the rasp of the shaving razor. Common witch hazel blooms in late fall or winter, producing clusters of fragrant yellow flowers with crinkly, ribbon-like petals. Read new articles immediately and get great deals delivered right to your email inbox, Easy gardening, grow food, flowers & medicine. An extremely late-flowering hybrid, ‘Orange Encore’ can bloom through April, before leafing out. 1 of 2 Pick Witch Hazel 1 of 2 possible photos. Witch hazel, Hamamelis virginiana, native to North America, is a shrub found all along the east coast, from Florida all the way up to Nova Scotia. Pruning and caring are practices that will enhance blooming and growth. from the four major Hamamelis species. Right after bloom is the best time to prune witch hazels (or in your case, right after they should have bloomed, i.e. Witch hazel is a shrub that deserves a spot in any garden. [11] Fruits of the witch hazel from last autumn's flowers are readily visible among the bright green leaves of spring. The leavesare alternately arranged, oval, 2–6 in (5.1–15.2 cm) long and 1–4 in (2.5–10.2 cm) broad, with a smooth or wavy margin. Wise Wintersweet facts Name – Chimonanthus praecox Family – Calycanthaceae Type – shrub…, The complete guide to spending January in the garden. H. mollis, the Chinese witch hazel, has a long bloom period (January through March) and has quarter-sized yellow flowers that are less likely to be fragrant (an exception is ‘Goldcrest’). Something amazing is about to happen in the Bernice E. Lavin Plant Evaluation Garden: dozens and dozens of witch hazels will all burst into bloom at once in February.It's year two of our six-year witch hazel trial, which compares 36 different cultivars (three of each!) Witch Hazel, A Bloomin' Favorite in Winter . So you might have thought it was a sign of spring but the blooms likely have been there since fall. This is more of a shrub. It still removes excess oil without drying the skin as much as rubbing alcohol. The planting of witch-hazel is preferably performed in fall to promote root development before winter. Lastly, let us note that it is quite invulnerable to diseases and parasites which makes it an easy tree to care for. Tradition calls for well-wishing to all as the year starts in most of the world! They are beautiful. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. 130.5, 293.3, 295.4, 305.1, 308.3, 339.5, 347.6, 367.7. The natural acidity this bark bequeaths favors witch-hazel growth and retains moisture. Notable for its fall color, fragrant yellow flowers, long bloom time, and narrow profile, ‘Arnold Promise’ can be seen in both the Daylily and Woodland Gardens. I would love to have some here in Central Texas. late March to late April, depending on the season). Eac… health benefits and therapeutic properties of witch-hazel, Yellow witch-hazel (also on social media), Snow on orange witch-hazel (also on social media). Witch-hazel is a dazzling shrub that blooms in winter, as early as January. Several species of bees, small wasps, moths and even beetles have also been documented as potential Witch-hazel pollinators. [11] [14] The ointment may ease discomfort from post-partum vaginal soreness and hemorrhoids . I just see it in the health and beauty section. If you’re lucky to have a terrace that can welcome a large pot, you’ll be able to grow witch-hazel in a container, because its slow growth makes it a good candidate to growing in such spaces. Depending on the species, witch hazel blooms at odd times, usually when not many other flowers are out. On the other hand, most vernal witch hazels (H. vernalis) bloom in late winter, often whilst retaining their leaves; the Garden’s earliest blooming Ozark witch hazel is ‘Christmas Cheer,’ on display in the Daylily and Woodland Gardens. Its crinkly yellow flowers bloom in the fall. Winter is over! These flowers will then be replaced with superb deep green leaves. Bloom Time. Height – 6 ½ to 16 feet (2 to 5 meters) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – rather rich. This is not too surprising, since many flies are active at fairly low temperatures. Witch-hazel is now an ingredient widely used in many pharmaceutical preparations thanks to its soothing properties on skin, especially dermatitis, and its influence on blood flow, varicose veins and hemorrhoids. The yellow flowers exude a pleasant spicy fragrance. It is a very hardy plant and has few problems with disease. Nice to know the origin. When the witch-hazel loses its leaves in fall, it then grows magnificent flowers with lemon-yellow colors at the beginning of January. American witch-hazel is a small, spreading tree of the subcanopy. The Garden grows numerous named cultivars. Instead, the ribbonlike petals curl up temporarily, and as … The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. When does this bloom? Follow us there, comment, and share! If a product is available for shipping, these are the terms: For spring, our plants will be shipped from March 1st (weather dependent) until the week of April 26th. Quasimodo Vernal Witch Hazel: Native: No: USDA Zone: Zone 4: Shipping Terms. Interesting to note, the Witch Hazel bush does not bloom in spring -- it blooms in October - February if you can imagine that! The problem is these flowers are small and sparse. Learn how to grow witch hazel in your garden with the RHS expert guide on choosing, planting, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. Witch-hazel (hamamelis virginiana) can be found from Nova Scotia to Texas and is native to eastern North America. Witch hazel is a genus of flowering plants in the family Hamamelidaceae. Readily accessible examples of Ozark witch hazels are in the Martha Love Symington Missouri Native Shade Garden at the Kemper Center for Home Gardening, with branches near the path for those curious noses to sniff out the winter-fresh fragrance from the dime-sized flowers. May every passing day make…, Early fall, protect your soil and your plants from winter frost spells. Hybrids between these two species (Hamamelis x intermedia) tend to be more showy, with long-lasting, moderately fragrant blooms. Witch hazel flowers. In summer, always favor watering in the evening to keep water from evaporating. Late Sep-Oct. Where does this bloom? It is hardy in zones 3 to 8. “Even here, with our severe winters, I’ve seen it start as early as New Year’s Day,” says Stephen Breyer, owner of Tripple Brook Farm in Southhampton, MA. Most species bloom from January to March and display beautiful spidery flowers that let off a slightly spicy fragrance. First, its growth is very slow, and second, even when it has become a mature tree it is still quite small. Changing Your Order - If you have an order that has been placed, the only way to modify it is by emailing us. It first opens in winter, usually during a warm spell, but the flowers don’t die when the temperature drops back down. 'Wisley Supreme ' is a Chinese witch hazels and tops out at 10-15 ft. tall and 10-15 ft. wide. Share your garden joys & woes! It is considered to be one of the most beautiful. Required fields are marked *. Witch-hazel is perfectly suited to growing in a small garden because of two things. Hamamelis : Caption: H. intermedia variety Arnold Promise (yellow), Credit MUST courtesy Greer Gardens. Early March is a good time to see many in bloom. Posted by: Chasity DeKay | February 27th, 2018 at 4:13 pm . Some flowers may linger on the branches into December. Bloom time depends heavily on weather. Native witch hazel, Hamamelis virginiana, has clear yellow flowers that begin to bloom in October, although they are often masked under the plant's leaves. Most perennial plants bloom for roughly two weeks, but witch hazel does so for eight weeks or more. Fortunately, while roses don’t bloom in winter, witch hazel (Hamamelis) does. Recycle your green waste to cover your hardy…, Wintersweet is a wonderful winter-blooming shrub tree. Name – Hamamelis Family – Hamamelidaceae Type – shrub. Vernal witch hazel (Hamamelis vernalis) and the intermedia witch hazels (hybrids resulting from crosses between Japanese and Chinese witch hazels) flower from early February to late March. Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana, Hamamelidaceae) is our kinky, golden-star flower shrub or small tree that blooms in cold weather when all other flowers are absent from the landscape. A few of the spring-flowering witch hazels can start blooming by the end of December or early January depending upon weather but peak occurs between mid January and mid March. Fragrant, spider-like, yellow-orange flowers bloom on bare branches in mid- to late winter. No comments yet – be the first to share your thoughts! For plants purchased in pots or containers, you can plant in other seasons than fall as long as both hot and cold spells are avoided. Actually the witch hazel deserves its own story. Blooming of most cultivars has finished by mid- to late April. Witch hazel was one of the few commercial treatments for acne when I was a teenager, but young people today have better treatments available and many have never heard of witch hazel, though it is used in many cosmetic products. Witch-hazel is a dazzling shrub that blooms in winter, as early as January.. Witch-hazel facts, a summary. The blooming Witch Hazel bush is so pretty.. sort of like simple, rustic .. love the colors. Hamamelis vernalis 'Quasimodo'. Your email address will not be published. Your email address will not be published. It has yellow blooms with red centers that appear in … Even though Witch-hazel blooms when the weather is cooler, it relies primarily on insects for pollination. “If it turns cold the blossoms will roll back up and will endure sub-zero temperatures. It's always something of a miracle to see flowers in bloom this early and no matter the weather. If you shelter your witch-hazel from cold wind, you’ll be extending its blooming. It will also grow in perfect harmony with the Chinese fringe flower that also blooms in winter. Water in case of heat wave or prolonged dry spell because plants in pots need water more often. Note also that witch hazel is particularly hardy to the cold, and so growing it in pots is all the more possible. Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark witch hazel) is a 6- to 10-foot shrub hardy in zones 4 to 8. Also nice: create or join a topic on our trees and shrubs forum, too. No pruning is actually needed, particularly so because its growth is rather slow. A brisk winter walk through the Missouri Botanical Garden can … Some bloom early in February and others, like the ‘Arnold Promise,’ typically flower later in the month with blooms that can be quite fragrant! What these little flowers lack in size, they make up for in quantity and timing. Common witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) blooms from mid-October to early December. The flowers are not as fragrant as those of the widely planted Chinese witch-hazel ( Hamamelis mollis) or the popular hybrid H. × intermedia (a lovechild of H. mollis and H. japonica, the Japanese witch-hazel). The eastern witch hazels (H. virginiana) tend to bloom in the fall, with fragrant rust-colored flowers. Witch-hazel flowers are remarkable thanks to their uniqueness and especially because they appear right in the middle of winter. Caring for it is easy and its hardiness makes it almost invulnerable to most diseases as it does to insect attacks or parasites. Need advice? The blooms are generally not much bigger than a penny, composed of ribbon-like petals in a variety of colors such as orange, yellow, red, pink, and purple. Another witch hazel is the Vernal witch hazel (Hamamelis vernalis). Witch-hazel may be sold as a semisolid ointment, cream, gel, or salve for topical use. H. virginiana blooms in September–November while the other species bloom from January–March. However, if you wish to balance or reduce the shrub, it’s rather better to wait for the blooming to end. The witch-hazels are deciduous shrubs or (rarely) small trees growing to 10–25 feet (3.0–7.6 m) tall, rarely to 40 ft (12 m) tall. [11] [15] [ needs update ] [16] It is commonly used to treat diaper rash in infants, and may reduce symptoms of inflammation from minor skin injuries. Family – Hamamelidaceae The Garden cultivates two species that are native to North America: H. virginiana and H. vernalis. Hamamelis virginiana (common witch hazel) is a 15- to 20-foot-tall shrub that flowers with yellow blooms from October to December. Since this tree appreciates acidic soil, feel free to pair it with heath plants with evergreen leafage such as camellia, azalea, rhododendron and heather. The large, rounded, dark green leaves often hang onto the winter branches. The common witch hazel (H. virginiana) peaks between mid October and mid November. Here is a photo of mine taken October 27, 2010 Guess that warm spell did the trick altho this is about average--maybe a couple of days early. If you are sitting inside by the fire drinking cognac gazing at … Winter-flowering witch hazels can sometimes be mistaken for a confused or over-achieving Forsythia, as both shrubs grow quite large and have flowers that open before any foliage appears. Photo by Larry Stritch. 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