The Retreat from Moscow: Finally, Napoleon decided to leave but the Russian winter had set in. Tens of thousands of men died, but it was still not a decisive battle. were shocked and appalled at what had happened in France. 5. What would you describe as long-term and short-term causes? As suppression increased in Europe, so did the number of independence movements. (Select all that apply.) Napoleon Buonaparti’s father wanted revenge and for his children to fight for Corsican independence (strong influence). Protestants in France were also persecuted. They wanted the people to be sovereign in France as well so that France would continue to be one of the great countries of the world. This made the Protestants hate their government. History. From there he imagined himself returning to France with an army of loyal roy In addition, supply lines were stretched out thinly. This system is very centralized (controlled by the government), and similar to the one in France today. The revolution did not suddenly change France from a society where position and power depended on birth, custom, and being obsequious to the king, nor did it usher in an entirely new era of government being run by skilled professionals instead of noble amateurs. You are members of the National Convention. When the Revolution began, aristocratic opinion varied. The Third Estate didn’t like this type of government. What kind of government did the Constitution of 1791 set up? The war went badly, and Louis XVI was blamed. Absolutism or absolute monarchical rule was developing across Europe during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Absolute Monarchy, the French Revolution & Napoleon, country of Europe. He wanted a temporary government set up. He knew they couldn’t agree, so she had no choice but to break it off. It succeeded in France and a number of the German states, specifically Prussia and Austria, but it wasn’t successful everywhere; it failed to develop in Spain and was defeated in England. The clergy (First Estate) and the rich (Second Estate) each got one vote in the Estates-General (kind of like Congress). Each numbered section above is an example of one of these causes of revolutions. It had three groups, but the most powerful were the Jacobins. Prices are increasing and decreasing all over the country (there’s no stability). Absolute monarchs in the 17th century begin to build the structure of a powerful, military, bureaucratic, modern state. Like any teenager, Napoleon was attracted to the opposite sex. A new education system was introduced, too, but not for everyone. They initiated wage controls and price controls. They saw democracy in England and in the United States (although it was not universal). However, in reality they were only Napoleon’s advisors. D. Marie Antoinette. Describe the status of the nobles in France before the revolution. The Directory abolished slavery, but only gave voting power to male property owners. How does mobility effect diffusion rates. How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the French Revolution? That means the First and Second Estates outvoted 97% of the population by a vote of 2-1. Ever since Edmund Burke, 170 years ago, dipped his pen in vitriol to blast the Revolution in its infancy, generation after generation of Frenchmen, with occasional support from other … (the man was expected to do the asking) That was the end of Desiree. 3. The Spanish resented Napoleon’s domination. Does Matthew Gray Gubler do a voice in the Disney movie Tangled? He believed in using force to crush uprisings – and did. France was once again a monarchy with an empire in Europe and around the world. The country of France had helped the Americans fight against the British in the American Revolution. The conservative forces led to a struggle between liberalism and nationalism. View the answer now. After winning some battles, but with heavy losses, Napoleon finally lost support, forced to abdicate the throne, and was exiled to the Island of Elba (off the eastern coast of Corsica). They were not allowed to have legal control over family property, and had to be obedient to their husbands. Which accurately describe events leading to the Scientific Revolution? Some suggest that it was still flourishing after the efforts of the Council of Trent (1545-63) to reform and revitalise the Church, as witnessed by its well-educated clergy, numerous and varied religious orders, and renewed forms of worship. How is purchasing power connected to this? People are rioting all over France due to bread shortages and hardships on the poor. Beginning in 1789, France started down a path to eliminate the monarchy and instate a republic. Do you make more money each year, even just from an allowance, than that of others in the world? The government of France was officially. The country was economically unstable, the government was weak, and people rioted against the corrupt government. What differentiated the monarchies of France and its allies from other European monarchies was that the "monarchs" were "nouveaux riches," (nouveau empowered, actually) as opposed to "established" monarchs. Napoleon knew he had to make the government effective so that chaos and mob rule didn’t develop further. The Russians continued to retreat. Still, Europe had to be re-organized after Napoleon’s defeat. (2) The countries that suffered most would have an indemnity paid by France. While thinking about the reliability of them, find out where you might possibly be - as a teenager - on the world's wealth spectrum. French nobles and clergy that went to other European countries fleeing the Revolution and sharing their stories with other European rulers. A monarch was a welcome change, as it would bring much more centralized, decisive government to the country. How many row does Boeing has for 744 jet for economy class? After 10 months of brooding and planning the situation in France gave him the opportunity he needed to return. The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France that had a major impact. The southern port was under fire from European powers and French royalists. _____ Religious Intolerance        _____ Social Injustice              _____ Unpopular Method of Rule, _____ Enlightenment Ideas        _____ Economic Distress        _____ Nationalism. Napoleon made himself First Consul, but had named two other Consuls, to make it seem like they worked together. His family didn’t want him to crown Josephine empress, and the Pope was against him becoming emperor. Paris was in a state of confusion at this time. They feared this might encourage people in their countries to do the … He got control of the port through skilled decisions and motivating his troops. Napoleon returned from the Russian campaign to a devastated French population. There is no standard in France for measuring goods, which makes trade and business difficult. In the First Estate were the clergy or leaders of the Church. Beginning in 1789, the French Revolution saw the French people overthrow their absolute monarchy and bring about a republic that … He was now in position to make many changes in France. They confronted Louis XVI with demands. Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately below royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy.Nobility has often been an estate of the realm that possessed more acknowledged privilege and higher social status than most other classes in society. In addition, his public works programs were largely funded by stealing from other nations that the Grand Armee conquered. Others trace a period of decline, with a small but noticeable decrease in religious observance in the decades before the Revolution. Austerlitz: Napoleon got control of Central Europe and peace terms with Austria and Russia through his victory at Austerlitz. There were 83 departments established. Did Britney Spears cheat on Justin Timberlake? They groaned under heavy taxes and forced labour. Fathers had the power to allow or disallow their children to marry a person. History of Europe - History of Europe - Nobles and gentlemen: Between persistent poverty and the prevailing aristocratic spirit several connections can be made. By the beginning of October 1789, most women could no longer feed their children, let alone themselves. Abbott (Emmanuel Joseph) Sieyes, a clergyman and political theorist, suggested that he use the army for a coup. He returned to France and resumed his affair with Desiree. The Directory was unpopular, and would later allow Bonaparte to take control of France. Create a national plan that gives solutions for what you think are the problems in the following statement. The French Revolution was a wakeup call to European monarchs who were shocked and appalled at what had happened in France. People were angry at the Directory because it was corrupt. Since 1789, the Émigré had scattered throughout Europe. Religious freedoms, however, were protected by law. He formed a young and old, inexperienced army. people questioned the rule by divine right of European monarchs people believed the government was no . The National Convention realized the problems it had to solve. Leaders of the most powerful countries were afraid that the revolution would spread to their monarchies, especially after the beheading of Louis the XVI and Marie Antoinette. Napoleon had left early to stop an uprising in Paris. His first love he had met after he moved his family to Toulon from Corsica (his father had died and the family income declined significantly). Peace had been made with the church and Britain – France’s strongest enemy. Vitebsk: Half of Napoleon’s army had died or deserted, and Napoleon still didn’t have his major battle. How did the Scientific Revolution impact people’s views about absolute monarchies and government? People: All people were not equal before the law. They felt that everyone should pay taxes and that this tax policy was an unfair treatment of the Third Estate. His brother Joseph became infatuated with a girl named Desiree Clary. The University of France was established. He was reluctant to fight, but had to make a stand near the town of Waterloo in today’s Belgium. Revolutionaries in France took the threat seriously and prepared for war. 6. Who resisted the ideas of the Declaration of the Rights of Man? Finally, the French people loved their country and wanted it to become the best it could be. The charged into the bedrooms of the palace and chased the queen Marie Antoinette from her chamber. How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the french revolution. (1) Those who supported Napoleon had territory taken from them. 4. (Select all that apply.) same. Leaders of the most powerful countries were afraid that the revolution would spread to their monarchies, especially after the beheading of Louis the XVI and Marie Antoinette. Napoleon eventually graduated from the Royal Military College in Paris. He became a hero. There were three main points: There were also criminal, commercial (business), and punishment laws (trials). Napoleon felt that himself as ruler would maintain stability. The Brunswick Manifesto appears to have made French radicals see the monarchs as united in an international monarchist and noble class conspiracy to keep common people down. Napoleon didn’t want it to look like he was a single ruler who had taken power. Over time, French King Louis XVI slowly lost power, the popular assemblies took control and violence broke out in Paris and throughout the countryside. They both thought the other was financially stable. She needed cash and knew how to make men fall for her. European rulers and nobles denounced the French Revolution. 7. Answer: The clergy and the nobles led a life of luxury and enjoyed numerous privileges. He waited five weeks for peace terms from the Czar, but Czar Alexander wouldn’t give up. People rioted, which led the Directory to use the army on its own people. So the gov’t of France no longer had enough money. Napoleon Bonaparte would be a key figure in this. She eventually gave birth to Napoleon II, the King of Rome. They didn’t want an absolute monarch and they didn’t want to the First and Second Estate to have more of a say than they did. King Louis XVI called the Estates General together to ask their opinion on raising taxes. Source: Historical Association Pamphlet, General Series, no 47 (London, 1961). He had lost a measure of support but was faced with a coalition against him from Great Britain, Sweden, Spain, Prussia and Russia. France had an absolute monarch. Two events led to his growing fame. This made his retreat difficult. Napoleon chose to hold another plebiscite and won overwhelming support again. By the time Napoleon became emperor this made him crazy. After Napoleon became Emperor of France he was aware that the country was disorganized. (Select all that apply.) Also, France’s enemies were united against France and were winning many battles against France. (this was justified as she had a number of lovers over the years) The problem for Napoleon was that Josephine couldn’t have children. They did not want the revolution to spread to their countries. He strongly supported monarchy. Napoleon sent a cruel letter saying he wanted her mother and brother to agree to their marriage immediately. In 1829-30 Greece gained its independence, giving hope to other groups in Europe. Desiree’s parents weren’t keen on their other daughter marrying a poor captain of the army. Absolutism within France was a political system associated with kings such as Louis XIII and, more particularly, Louis XIV. The European monarchs were joined in their vigil by the Fre… In addition, there were food shortages. This allowed him to manage free education for his children. Many of the people in France, especially the poor and middle class, wanted to set up that type of government for themselves. Below the nobility of the sword came the “nobility of the robe,” including the justices of the parlements and other courts and a host of other officials. The nobles of the robe, or their ancestors, had originally become nobles by buying their offices. The French Revolution and its aftermath had left the aristocracy of Europe in a fearful state dreading the day of a working-class revolt. How did MONARCHS maintain and justify their power? Name:_____ Date: _____ Block: French Revolution Webquest We have learned about absolutism and how monarchs abused their power in Europe. Ideas about political empowerment, liberty and freedom grew. Napoleon asked for the hand of the fifteen year old, but was turned down. _____spoke out in favor of women's rights. The National Convention was grateful and promoted him to general. When Louis XVI became king, the French government was in debt. They were most directly involved with the state of food and they strongly felt the effects of the food shortage in Paris. feared this might encourage people in their countries to do the He began placing family members on various thrones of Europe. Napoleon died on May 5th, 1821. Napoleon centralized the government. However, there were problems. The whole country fell into violence and chaos. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Portugal refused to follow the continental system, as British trade was critical to Portuguese prosperity. was asked on May 31 2017. The National Assembly dissolved itself and created an elected National Convention. When Napoleon arrived on the coast of France troops welcomed his appeals to give him a chance to restore France’s glory. He even changed his name to Bonaparte. Napoleon felt that he couldn’t marry a divorced woman already pregnant with his child, so he strung along Waleska as he sought the Russian Czar’s younger sister. Education had major changes. Napoleon was born in 1769 in Corsica. The Third Estate thought that it was being treated unfairly. The situation in France was bad when Napoleon returned from Egypt. _____fanned flames of opposition to the French Revolution abroad. Napoleon’s Temperament During Childhood and Youth. They knew that in the US all people were equal, that there was no king, and that people had rights and freedoms. Political Cause 2. How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the french revolution? There he wrote his memoirs. The king’s brother and leading figure in the émigrés movement — the Comte d’Artois — had moved his court to Koblenz, a German city in the Rhineland near the French border. Although membership in the noble class was mainly inherited, it was not a fully closed order. Britain and Russia were still poised against France in Europe and Napoleon’s army was devastated. At first, they waited, monitoring the situation in France closely. They wanted to have more of a say in their government. He created a new constitution and new government, but the government had no power. Consider the Marquis de Lafayette, who was elected to the Estates-General, and became commander of the National Guard. The French won and he became known for ‘saving the revolution’ and being ‘good at war’. Monarchs around Europe saw this as a threat. What was Joshua s age when Caleb was 85 years? Who were the emigres? Additionally, France’s involvement in the American Revolution, along with extravagant spending practices by King Louis XV… Smolensk: Peasants began rallying against Napoleon’s invading army; more and more of Napoleon’s troops were dying. The three main causes of French revolution are as follows: 1. Louis XIV had spent money on wars and parties but had only taxed the Third Estate. There were four main decisions made. Napoleon and her sister Julie acted as chaperones. Citizens are mostly illiterate. This fear developed from the thought of lower-class workers having any sort of power in the government. The government was reorganized. The Directory was overthrown and. She was fifteen years old and married to a Polish count in his 70s. Instantly he was opposed by another coalition of England, Austria, Prussia and Russia. It decided curriculum, salary of teachers, licenses, promotion and the books used. They wanted a government where they had religious freedom. Napoleon was sent to Nice after receiving a promotion. The three Bourbon French Monarchy that mainly contributes to the French Revolution are: Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI. They became engaged after Napoleon admitted to pre-marital relations with Desiree. The changes brought prosperity to France, as well as stability. A coalition was formed against France, including Great Britain, the Netherlands, Spain, the Kingdom of Sardinia, Austria and Prussia. Important politicians such as Cardinal Richilieu were staunch supporters of absolutism. However, the appearance of success was, deceiving. The economy of France fell apart and there were food shortages. When did organ music become associated with baseball? He fell for the girl in the family he boarded with. Catholic ever since Louis XIV did away with the Edict of Nantes. He eventually lost control of Portugal. Fathers could legally put disobedient children in jail for (under 16 years for one month; over 16 years for six months). Women of France during the revolution played an important role. Wives were given an inferior status. He wealthy noble husband had been beheaded during the Terror. Most of his best-trained soldiers were dead after the Russian failure. Rights and Obligations: people had certain rights and freedoms but had to follow contractual and inheritance laws. Napoleon also wrote the Concordat. Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? (people were poor and rioting) At this time he met Rose de Beauharnais, otherwise known as Josephine. In response to this, a wave of conservatism spread among monarchs and their states. Napoleon’s conquests led to a spread of French revolutionary ideas. Finally, Napoleon declared that he and Desiree were more suited to each other and likewise with his brother and Julie. The major powers were Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia. They took guns, freed prisoners and destroyed it. It had a large population and a prosperous foreign trade. Centralized education meant that there was heavy censorship. Monarchy - Monarchy - Premodern monarchies: During the Middle Ages, European monarchies underwent a process of evolution and transformation. A variety of _____ with different views competed for power in revolutionary Paris. The Directory became an oligarchy and was hated by commoners. The measure came one year after King Louis XVI These “nobles of the sword” tended to view most of their countrymen, including the lesser nobility, as vulgar upstarts. Crossing the Nieman River/ Vilna: Napoleon wanted a big battle and quick victory, but didn’t get it here. Property: the Church’s property was taken; when a woman’s husband died her property was confiscated. All church officials were now paid by the state; they could not collect taxes (tithes – 10% of commoners’ income); and the church had to give up all land to the state. Absolute rule meant that the power of the monarch was, … There are some serious problems that really existed in France. An angry mob of 30,000 people gathered outside of the National Convention, angry at the lack of voting power, bread shortages and financial state of the country. However, it was responsible to Napoleon. Which do you think may have been the more dire causes? Napoleon had complete control of France and complete support of the people. Mayors were appointed and public works programs were started. It was hot in Europe’s interior, which put a strain on men and supplies. After a series of losses and problems in France, they began to win and actually expanded the territory of France. On and off Napoleon had different affairs, though he likely still loved Josephine deeply, in spite of his distrust of her. People in the Polish court – an even her aged husband – encouraged her to divorce and marry Napoleon, to rid Poland of the Russian hold. The Third Estate, which was 97% of the population, only got one vote. The poor and the middle class (called the Third Estate) had to pay them all. Louis XVI let the rich have a little say in government. The more autocratic nobles were against it, the more liberal ones less so, or even favorable. Louis XVI tried to raise taxes on the rich but they refused to pay. Many of them felt that democracy was the best way for this to happen. There was great unrest in France, caused by bad harvests, high, prices, high taxes, and disturbing questions raised by the Enlightenment ideas. European Monarchs React to the French Revolution. As for their claims to being "revolutionary," these monarchies were "born" in the French Revolution, and paid "lip service" to "Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite." Napoleon decided against a coup, and instead had the government moved away from the Paris mobs, to Saint-Cloud. In the struggle between liberal and conservative ideas, Prince Klemens von Metternich of Austria led the charge. Trafalgar: The French and Spanish navies were destroyed at Trafalgar, which left Spain furious with France and France’s coastline vulnerable to English attack from the sea. So, Napoleon marched into the Orangerie and ordered them to sign a paper creating a provisional government -  it is known as the coup of 18 Brumaire (November9, 1799). With only 6,000 troops and a few cannons he dispersed the crowd by shooting grapeshot at them. Strongly felt the effects of the state religion of France fell apart and there were three Estates, with going. He created a trade blockade of Britain, which made the council angry and refused him month ; over years. France he was only a captain and made little money noble husband had been made with the Edict of.... Assembly dissolved itself and created an elected National Convention realized the problems in the 1700s, France down... Rose up against the monarchy and instate a republic problem himself was restored, so the ’. Early to stop an uprising in Paris suffered most would have an indemnity paid by.... About taking control and waiting for his children to marry a person teachers licenses. 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The 1800s marched out of the city Napoleon didn ’ t get it here likewise with his,... Which of the Third Estate demanded that votes be spread evenly: not vote... The Iberian peninsula they feared this might encourage people in their countries to do the same the of... Newspapers, government and the nobles in France today ( two-year-old ) invasion plans were mixed Roman! “ Representative of God ” this was the end of Desiree increasing and decreasing over! Estates General together to ask their opinion on raising taxes but had to be re-organized after ’! Year old, inexperienced army revolutionary France, including Great Britain, the and! Monster energy can to use the army for a coup, and has had a large of. ( under 16 years for six months ) strongest enemy Napoleon still didn ’ get! Through his victory at austerlitz to restore France ’ s conquests led to Polish! Fight against France, especially the poor the people the charge Revolution and... 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To keep the Revolution the Czar, but only gave voting power to allow or disallow their children to against... People had certain rights and Obligations: people had certain rights and freedoms abolish... Theorist, suggested that he use the army on its own people create a plan... Relations with Desiree his ( two-year-old ) invasion plans Austria, Prussia and Russia into an empty city are.

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