In 2013, the Family Protection Act was passed, which criminalizes domestic violence and allows victims to obtain protection orders. However, when Germany began settlements in the north a British protectorate was proclaimed in 1884 over the southern coast of New Guinea and its adjacent islands. The first known Europeans to sight New Guinea were probably the Portuguese and Spanish navigators sailing in the South Pacific in the early part of the 16th century. In 2017, the government passed regulations to implement the law, but enforcement remains weak and inconsistent. [11] Local Papuans, called Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels by the Australians, assisted and escorted injured Australian troops down the Kokoda trail. The Indonesian province of West Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. The written history began when European navigators first sighted New Guinea in the early part of the 17th century. Guinea, in its turn, is etymologically derived from the Portuguese word Guiné. Sir Michael Somare becomes PM. Shepherd presented another wig to Father Kirschbaum, who wanted to send it to Germany. 1997 October - Burnham Truce marks the end of the decade-old armed struggle by Bougainville separatists. 1873 - Captain John Moresby charts the south-east part of New Guinea and the archipelago, naming Port Moresby after his father. An aftershock of M6.0 killed 11 people … Twitter . 2014 March - Papua New Guinea's Supreme Court begins a human rights inquiry into Australia's immigration detention centre on Manus Island. New Guinea, island of the eastern Malay Archipelago, in the western Pacific Ocean, north of Australia. Relief. There also are indications of neolithic gardening having been practiced at Kuk at the same time that agriculture was developing in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Hela and Southern Highlands Provinces were the worst … From this base they prospected along the Maramuni River and its tributaries, again without success. Landslide engulfs Papua New Guinea village with at least 12 people feared dead. "New Guinea" (Nueva Guinea) was the name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez. The Indonesian province of West Papua (Irian Jaya) is to the west. Linkedin. 1998 April - Permanent ceasefire signed in Bougainville by government representatives and secessionist leaders. 2012 January - Mutinous soldiers demanding the reinstatement of Sir Michael Somare as PM briefly seize the military headquarters in Port Moresby. The bird life in Papua New Guinea provides the tribal elders with fancy feathered headdress and cloaks. Papua New Guinea earthquake. Beazley also prospected the Arrabundio for gold and on his promising report to Freeman, Akmana Gold Prospecting Coy was floated in 1928. 2007 November - Cyclone Guba causes flooding which kills 163 and leaves more than 13,000 displaced in Oro and Milne provinces. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Pacific Islands home front during World War II, Papua New Guinea Provisional Administration Act, House of Assembly of Papua and New Guinea, chain of earthquakes hit Papua New Guinea, "Dating the colonization of Sahul (Pleistocene Australia–New Guinea): a review of recent research", "Peopling of Sahul: mtDNA Variation in Aboriginal Australian and Papua New Guinean Populations", "Early humans lived in PNG highlands 50,000 years ago", http://ajrp.awm.gov.au/ajrp/remember.nsf/Web-Printer/C6FD73CC5C579789CA256AC000135979?OpenDocument, http://www.awm.gov.au/units/event_291.asp, http://www.awm.gov.au/units/event_340.asp, http://www.awm.gov.au/units/event_345.asp, http://www.awm.gov.au/wartime/23/new-guinea-offensive/, Australia's interest in Bougainville's independence is far from locals' wishes", Bougainville makes first preparations for referendum, "Looters shot dead amid chaos of Papua New Guinea's anti-Chinese riots", "Papua New Guinea earthquake: UN pulls out aid workers from violence-hit region", "Papua New Guinea earthquake: anger grows among 'forgotten victims, U.S. State Department Background Note: Papua New Guinea, The Royal Papua and New Guinea Constabulary a Pictorial History Web Page 1885-1975, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Papua_New_Guinea&oldid=996716229, Articles needing additional references from February 2007, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 06:34. 2012 June - Rival prime ministers Peter O'Neill and Sir Michael Somare contest parliamentary elections, hoping that the results will decide who is in charge. The recently-formed Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), anxious about environmental destruction and unhappy that profits are leaving the island, forces the closure of the Australian-owned Panguna copper mine. The sentence is the most severe yet in PNG for a corrupt public official. In 1899, the German imperial government assumed direct control of the territory, thereafter known as German New Guinea. Elections in 1972 resulted in the formation of a ministry headed by Chief Minister Michael Somare, who pledged to lead the country to self-government and then to independence. Bougainville islanders elect their first autonomous government. The country joined the United Nations (UN) on 10 October 1975 by way of Security Council Resolution 375 and General Assembly resolution 3368. 2011 April-June - Prime Minister Michael Somare is suspended for two weeks over charges of misconduct dating back 20 years. Various nations from Oceania, including Australia and New Zealand, immediately sent aid to the country. Former separatist rebel Joseph Kabui becomes president. The 1982 elections increased Pangu's plurality, and parliament again chose Somare as prime minister. However, Christian-majority Philippines and Buddhist-majority Thailand, Vietnam, and Cambodia have expressed displeasure over Papua New Guinea's anti-LGBT laws, stating that equality-friendly Timor-Leste would most likely be a more feasible ASEAN member state in the future. In 2006, there was elimination of 1 and 2 toea coins after … 1906 - Control of British New Guinea transferred to the newly independent Commonwealth of Australia and renamed Territory of Papua. The rebellion began in early 1989, active hostilities ended with a truce in October 1997 and a permanent ceasefire was signed in April 1998. Relationships with foreign powers were retained as the preserve of the German government. During World War I, Papua New Guinea was occupied by Australia, which had begun administering British New Guinea, the southern part, as the re-named Papua in 1904. CANBERRA - Papua New Guinea has recently concluded its ninth general election. Since 1991, Papua New Guinea's notes have been developed from a polymer but in in 2009, the bank produced kina and toea day commemorating note on paper substrates were circulated. Fifteen people are missing after a landslide in a remote part of Papua New Guinea's Central Province. PopulationPyramid.net Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2100. Petroleum is extracted in the Doberai Peninsula area of Papua and near Lake Kutubu in the central highlands of Papua New Guinea. In early September 1942 Japanese marines attacked a strategic Royal Australian Air Force base at Milne Bay, near the eastern tip of Papua. The New Guinea campaign (January 1942-September 1945) was one of the longest campaigns of the Second World War. [7] They journeyed on the "Banyandah", a cruiser of 12 metres (38 ft) from Madang up the coast to the mouth of the Sepik River, travelling along that river to Marienberg and Moim, then along the Karosameri River to the Karrawaddi River and on to the Arrabundio River and Yemas, after which it was necessary to transport their stores and equipment by pinnace, canoe and ultimately on foot to their Mountain Base on the upper Arrabundio River. A magnitude 7.2 earthquake has rattled the Pacific island nation of Papua New Guinea, cutting power and knocking items off shelves though there were no immediate reports of serious damage.. All banknotes of the Papua new guinea (1975 issue) contain an image of bird of surprise, spear, and a carved hour glass on the obverse side of the notes. Papua New Guinea's Sir Michael Somare ends 50-year role, Inside the world's richest esports player's mansion. 50.000 BC - First settlers are thought to arrive on New Guinea from Asia. Papua New Guinea. 2015 October - Government says it will begin resettling refugees being held in the country in Australian-run detention centres. Check most memorable events 3 May in Papua New Guinea. 2007 May - Parliament passes a law to allow casinos and online gambling. 'We made a peaceful entry into this new country, establishing a reputation for fair trade and decent behaviour ... but gold was our interest and we had traced the rivers and tributaries as far as practicable where conditions and results justified the effort and found nothing worthwhile. The Neu Guinea Kompanie paid for the local governmental institutions directly, in return for the concessions which had been awarded to it. 41–9, Ernest Alfred Shepherd, "Akmana: A new name in the continuing story of New Guinea exploration" Pacific Islands Monthly April 1971 p. 49, Ernest Alfred Shepherd, "Akmana: A new name in the continuing story of New Guinea exploration" Pacific Islands Monthly April 1971 p.49. The possession was placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1902. However, his government lost a vote of confidence in 1980 and was replaced by a new cabinet headed by Sir Julius Chan as prime minister. The weather at this time is really unstable - if the sun shone in the morning, then for lunch can begin a heavy downpour with a hurricane wind. RONALD MAY | Australian Institute of International Affairs. Over 1,000 people are killed and a further 1.2 million are put at risk of starvation. Australia's change of policy towards Papua New Guinea largely commenced with the invitation from the Australian Government to the World Bank to send a mission to the Territory to advise on measures to be taken towards its economic development and political preparation. 2014 November - Prime Minister O'Neill is referred to a tribunal of judges over allegations of misconduct in office relating to a $1.3 billion loan. Ten years earlier, in 1965, Independence seemed very, very far away. In July 1988, a no-confidence vote toppled Wingti and brought to power Rabbie Namaliu, who a few weeks earlier had replaced Somare as leader of the Pangu Party. 1996 - Theodore Miriong is assassinated at his home in south-west Bougainville. New Guinea was basically a business venture. Mainland Papua New Guinea reaches its maximum north-south expanse of some 510 miles (820 km) along its western border with Indonesian Papua. The protectorate, called British New Guinea, was annexed outright on 4 September 1888. 1998 July - Three tsunamis - gigantic waves generated by earthquakes - hit the north-west coast obliterating villages and killing 3,000 people. Although European navigators visited the islands and explored their coastlines thereafter, European researchers knew little of the inhabitants until the 1870s, when Russian anthropologist Nicholai Miklukho-Maklai made a number of expeditions to New Guinea, spending several years living among native tribes, and described their way of life in a comprehensive treatise. This guide is to one of the sets of government patrol reports from the former territories of Papua and New Guinea, now the independent country of Papua New Guinea. 1975 16 September - Attains full independence from Australia. To the north and east are the islands of Manus, New Britain, New Ireland, and Bougainville, all part of Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a resource-rich country, yet almost 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. 2011 August - Parliament elects Peter O'Neill as acting prime minister, replacing acting prime minister Sam Abal, who takes legal action against the move. In the past, headhunting and cannibalism occurred in many parts of what is now named Papua New Guinea. The government and rebels negotiated a peace agreement that established the Bougainville Autonomous District and Province. ... Interactive timeline: what happened to every person caught up in Australia's offshore processing regime. Papua New Guinea occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea, just north of Australia, and many outlying islands. In general, the winter in the island is quite pleasant - comfortable temperature, rains are rare. A total of 160 people were killed and many others were injured. Facebook. By Dr Ronald May. Top 25 Natural Disasters in Papua New Guinea according to Number of Killed(1901-2000) Rank DisNo GLIDE No. The move is seen as a bid by Australia to protect its northern, sparsely populated borders. In mid February 1930 the second expedition quickly returned to their Mountain Base and on across the mountains to the junction of the Yuat with the Baiyer and Jimmi Rivers. Most of West Papua, at that time known as Dutch New Guinea, was occupied, as were large parts of the Territory of New Guinea (the former German New Guinea, which was also under Australian rule after World War I), but Papua was protected to a large extent by its southern location and the near-impassable Owen Stanley Ranges to the north. Analysis; Share. 20 August 2017. Plane overloaded with cocaine crashed on take-off. 1975 - Bougainville provincial government votes to secede from PNG. In the winter months (June-September) in Papua New Guinea, this heat remains. 1888 - In BNG the Armed Native Constabulary is established and village constables are appointed. 1920s - A major gold find along the Bulolo River prompts another gold rush. 1962-01-15 Dutch & Indonesian navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea 1962-05-19 Indonesian paratroopers land in New Guinea 1962-07-15 Netherlands and Indonesia reach agreement over New Guinea As of October 2017 new groups of people occasionally are still contacted. Prime Minister Chan is forced to resign. Such reversals of fortune and a revolving-door succession of prime ministers continue to characterize Papua New Guinea's national politics. 1954 June - Aerial survey reveals several previously undiscovered highland valleys inhabited by up to 100,000 people. The PNG Government declared a state of emergency on 1 March for Hela, Southern Highlands, Western and Enga provinces. Indonesia supported the bid after Papua New Guinea supported Indonesia's hold on its Papua region. 2016 December - China agrees to spend nearly 4bn US dollars to build a giant industrial park in Papua New Guinea. The PNG Government declared a state of emergency on 1 March for Hela, Southern Highlands, Western and Enga provinces. [14] The Supreme Commander of operations was the United States General Douglas MacArthur, with Australian General Thomas Blamey taking a direct role in planning and operations being essentially directed by staff at New Guinea Force headquarters in Port Moresby. Perhaps the biggest contributor to Papua New Guinea’s continuing poverty problem is the fact that so many government officials, in charge of funds that could help, have historically chosen to pocket the money instead. 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